Ranked lawyer and miscarriages of justice criminal appeals solicitor

You don’t have to be a leading criminal solicitor to know that miscarriages of justice do occur; if you or a loved-one are unfortunate enough to be at the sharp end of a wrongful conviction or an excessive sentence and, if you are able to pay for his services privately, Jim Meyer can help.

Judges and juries can and do get it wrong. Of course, you want to instruct a defence team who are going to work tirelessly to ensure that they don’t, and that they make the right decision, based on all of the evidence available. But what happens when this doesn’t happen? What happens if your previous defence team advise you that you there are no grounds for appeal?

You need to get a second opinion! Ask Jim to review the case and consider what went wrong and why. You will have your own ideas but seek the help of a professional and call on their experience to help you navigate what can be a daunting and demoralising quest for justice.

Appealing a wrongful conviction and / or sentence is not easy – instruct a lawyer in whom you have confidence

Jim will assess the evidence and how it unfolded during the trial process. He will critically evaluate the strategy of the previous defence team and why they took the decisions that they did. Jim helps his clients access (and achieve) justice by following a systematic and detailed investigation of what has gone on:

  • Assess: in simple terms Jim will identify the information available concerning the police case, the prosecution evidence, the police investigation and the defence case and establish what further information needs to be obtained, from where, in what time frame, and how. He will develop a plan of action and a detailed “wants” list, i.e. specific questions that need answering.
  • Communicate: to achieve justice a lawyer needs to communicate effectively. Jim manages his conversations with key individuals so that his requests, questions and responses are guided by a clear plan of action and strategy that he agrees with his clients.
  • Collect and collate: the majority of case information is distributed, making it difficult to access and to represent detail contained within any number of statements, reports, notes, completed forms, tape recordings, exhibits, transcripts, etc. Jim’s approach allows him to gain a detailed grasp of this disparate information.
  • Evaluate: all analysis involves going “beyond the facts” and once Jim has collected all the information he evaluates it. This sounds (and is) obvious, but too often practitioners do not “puIl” the material together, or devote sufficient time to extract data that is distributed across the available aggregation of oral or written testimony. Because of this, many fail to detect multiple versions, gaps, mismatches, contradiction and other anomalies. Jim’s analysis enables him to:
    • Examine, highlight, identify and understand features, characteristics and attributes of the detail before him, its source, or indeed the entire case, e.g. match/mismatch, the presence and degree of gap, ambiguity, vagueness, contradiction, contrast and variation – in breadth and amount of detail, at one point in time and across a time span;
    • Test the status of specific detail, its source, or the case, e.g. in terms of validity, coherence, plausibility, credibility;
    • Plan further investigation, e.g. to resolve gaps and anomalies in the case, in the evidence or in particular accounts and descriptions.
  • Survey: Jim conducts a comprehensive appraisal of his findings and draws conclusions – particularly in terms of the need to revise any given perspective on a particular matter – and identifies alternative lines of enquiry or courses of action. He develops case theories and themes, always alert to the possibility for, and supporting evidence of:
    • An innocent client pleading guilty because of the perverse incentives built into the system;
    • Confirmation bias on the part of investigators;
    • The withholding or destruction of evidence by the prosecution;
    • The fabrication of evidence;
    • Perjury by police or prosecution witnesses;
    • Biased editing of evidence;
    • Prejudice and / or bias;
    • Mistaken identification;
    • An incorrect evaluation of the evidential weight of expert opinion;
    • Contaminated evidence;
    • Faulty forensic tests;
    • False confessions because of police pressure or psychological conditions;
    • Misdirection of a jury by a judge during trial;
    • Judicial Misconduct.
  • Summarise: Jim’s approach enables him to provide clients with a straightforward summary of the situation that spells out the key issues so that they can properly assess the situation that confronts them. He helps them make the right decision to achieve justice in their case.

Appealing adverse decisions is a marathon, not a sprint. Instructing Jim in the substantive proceedings is a way to avoid finding yourself in this position but, if you do, hiring him to appeal and achieve justice is the next best thing.

Relevant case law in relation to criminal appeals

[2020] EWCA Crim 482
[2020] EWCA Crim 482
CA (Crim Div) (Simon LJ, Fraser J, Hilliard J)
1 April 2020

A conviction for conspiracy to supply Class A drugs was quashed as, while it might have been open to the jury to conclude that the appellant was party to an agreement which involved the onward supply of drugs by him, there was insufficient evidence to establish that he was party to the larger conspiracy alleged. The trial judge had erred in refusing a submission of no case to answer. The court emphasised the importance of legal advisers complying with the time limits for submitting applications for permission to appeal.

[2019] EWHC 2938 (Admin)
[2019] EWHC 2938 (Admin)
DC (Hamblen LJ, Lane J)
6 November 2019

An appeal on points of law to Italy's Court of Cassation in criminal proceedings was not an "ordinary appeal" for the purposes of Decision 2002/584 art.4a and the Extradition Act 2003 s.20; it was not the "trial resulting in the decision" which a requested person had a right to attend.

[2019] EWCA Civ 874
[2019] EWCA Civ 874
CA (Civ Div) (Davis LJ, Irwin LJ)
21 May 2019

The Court of Appeal refused permission to appeal against a refusal of permission to apply for judicial review; by reason of the Senior Courts Act 1981 s.18(1) it had no jurisdiction to entertain the proposed appeal because the decision under challenge was in a criminal cause or matter. The court made general observations with regard to appeals from judgments in criminal causes or matters.

[2019] EWCA Crim 234
[2019] EWCA Crim 234
CA (Crim Div) (Thirlwall LJ, McGowan J, Judge Dhir)
26 February 2019

The terms of a sexual offences prevention order imposed on an offender who had been sentenced for voyeurism, which included an almost blanket ban on using the internet, were changed where its terms did not conform to the guidance given in R. v Smith (Steven) [2011] EWCA Crim 1772, [2012] 1 W.L.R. 1316, [2011] 7 WLUK 542 with the result that it was unworkable and disproportionate.

[2018] EWCA Civ 2851
[2018] EWCA Civ 2851
CA (Civ Div) (Sir Brian Leveson PQBD, Davis LJ, Lewison LJ)
20 December 2018

Applications which sought to continue a claim for judicial review of the indeterminate licence regime in the Crime (Sentences) Act 1997 s.31A were a "criminal cause or matter" within the meaning of the Senior Courts Act 1981 s.18 and s.151, and the Court of Appeal (Civil Division) had no jurisdiction to entertain them.

[2018] EWCA Crim 440
[2018] EWCA Crim 440
CA (Crim Div) (Treacy LJ, King J, Nicol J)
14 March 2018

The Court of Appeal set out how it should proceed where the prosecution, in addition to appealing against a trial judge's ruling of no case to answer, also appealed against another ruling as permitted by the Criminal Justice Act 2003 s.58(7). The court would have to examine the relationship between the rulings under appeal in deciding which to consider first, given that if the prosecution failed to obtain permission to appeal, the accused person would be acquitted.

[2018] UKSC 7
[2018] UKSC 7
SC (Lord Mance DPSC, Lord Sumption JSC, Lord Reed JSC, Lord Hodge JSC, Lady Black JSC)
8 February 2018

On an appeal under the Health and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974 s.24 against a prohibition notice, the employment tribunal was entitled to take into account all the available evidence relevant to the state of affairs at the time the notice was served, including information coming to light afterwards.

[2017] EWCA Civ 1529
[2017] EWCA Civ 1529
CA (Civ Div) (Gross LJ, Simon LJ, Peter Jackson LJ)
13 October 2017

A judge had been entitled to find that an announcement by the CPS that a person charged with "making" indecent photographs of children did not carry the defamatory meaning that the person was accused of having been present at the scene of abuse. The Court of Appeal should proceed cautiously before substituting its own views on meaning in a defamation case, and should only do so when it was satisfied that the judge was wrong.

[2016] EWCA Crim 1665
[2016] EWCA Crim 1665
CA (Crim Div) (Davis LJ, Cheema-Grubb J, Sir Stephen Silber)
18 October 2016

The criminal division of the Court of Appeal would not, as a matter of settled practice, entertain appeals against orders for costs properly made in the Crown Court at the time of sentence if the sole basis for the proposed appeal was an alleged subsequent change for the worse in the defendant's financial circumstances. The appropriate forum in which those matters should be addressed was the magistrates' court.

[2016] EWCA Crim 1031
[2016] EWCA Crim 1031
CA (Crim Div) (Davis LJ, Jay J, William Davis J)
15 July 2016

The court considered, and made observations regarding, the powers of single judges when considering applications under the Criminal Appeal Act 1968 s.31 for leave to appeal against sentence. A single judge was not precluded from granting leave to appeal on limited grounds or against part of a sentence only.

[2016] EWCA Civ 568
[2016] EWCA Civ 568
CA (Civ Div) (Lord Dyson MR, Longmore LJ, Lloyd Jones LJ)
23 June 2016

The judge below had been wrong to conclude that consideration of the making of a protective costs order in favour of the appellant, who was appealing against his designation under the Terrorist Asset-Freezing etc. Act 2010 s.2(1) , should await the disclosure process. There was no reason why the matter could not be considered before the disclosure exercise took place.

[2016] EWCA Crim 18
[2016] EWCA Crim 18
CA (Crim Div) (Sir Brian Leveson PQBD, Globe J, Cheema-Grubb J)
26 February 2016

The Court of Appeal discouraged the Criminal Cases Review Commission from utilising the exceptional circumstances procedure permitted by the Criminal Appeal Act 1995 s.13(2) for all instances where asylum seekers had been convicted of identity document offences irrespective of whether they had previously been before the Court of Appeal, and advised it to review the criteria used to justify exceptional reasons.

[2016] EWHC 196 (Admin)
[2016] EWHC 196 (Admin)
QBD (Admin) (Sweeney J)
8 February 2016

Although initially it would have been appropriate to extradite an offender to Poland to serve the remainder of a nine-month sentence for various offences, administrative errors which lead to a significant delay in his appeal against extradition being determined and service of his outstanding sentence on remand, meant that extradition would be a disproportionate interference with his ECHR art.8 rights and/or an abuse of process.

DC (Beatson LJ, Wilkie J)
28 October 2015

An applicant bore the burden of proof when applying for a taxi licence under the Local Government (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1976 s.51 to show that he was a fit and proper person to hold such a licence, but when considering revocation of the licence it was for the local authority as the licensing authority to prove that the applicant was no longer a fit and proper person or that circumstances had changed.

[2015] EWHC 1873 (Admin)
[2015] EWHC 1873 (Admin)
DC (Burnett LJ, Thirlwall J)
11 September 2015

The Criminal Procedure Rules r.17.27 was not designed to enable an unsuccessful party in an extradition appeal to regroup and return with further developed submissions. When deciding whether to exercise its jurisdiction under r.17.27 the court was to apply, with necessary modifications, the principles identified in McIntyre v Government of the United States~ [2014] EWHC 1886 (Admin).

[2015] EWHC 2808 (Admin)
[2015] EWHC 2808 (Admin)
QBD (Admin) (Irwin J)
11 August 2015

When refusing a renewed application for permission to appeal against an extradition order, following refusal by the single judge, the court commented on the proper approach to renewal applications. Proper consideration of the single judge's reasons for refusal was required, setting out briefly and concisely why it was said that those reasons were wrong, and proper grounds for renewal had to be advanced.

[2015] EWHC 1764 (Admin)
[2015] EWHC 1764 (Admin)
DC (Burnett LJ, Cox J)
24 June 2015

A requested person had not demonstrated that he had done everything reasonably possible to ensure that an appeal notice had been given as soon as it could have been given pursuant to the Extradition Act 2003 s.26(5). The court gave guidance on the application of s.26(5) regarding the time limits applicable to appeal notices in extradition proceedings.

[2015] EWCA Civ 281
[2015] EWCA Civ 281
CA (Civ Div) (Sir Brian Leveson PQBD, Jackson LJ, Black LJ)
26 March 2015

Home detention curfew was not analogous to the situation arising after a custodial term had come to an end where there was a statutory right to liberty requiring a former prisoner to be provided with an opportunity of an oral hearing to submit why he should not be recalled following a breach of licence. Where there was sufficient written evidence that a prisoner had breached a condition of his licensed release on home detention curfew, fairness did not require an oral hearing in his appeal against the decision to recall him to prison.

QBD (Admin) (Elisabeth Laing J)
12 March 2015

A registered social worker who had been made subject to an interim suspension order by the Investigating Committee of the Health and Care Professions Council should have made his appeal for the order to be terminated under the Health and Social Work Professions Order 2002 art.31(12)(a), rather than under CPR Pt 52.

[2015] EWHC 333 (Admin)
[2015] EWHC 333 (Admin)
DC (Treacy LJ, Lewis J)
4 February 2015

An offender had not had a right of appeal under the Magistrates' Courts Act 1980 s.108 against a decision ordering him to serve a term of imprisonment in default of payment of an outstanding fine. Such an order did not fall within the definition of "sentence" at s.108(3) because it was not made upon conviction but at a different time and for a different reason.

[2014] EWCA Crim 2823
[2014] EWCA Crim 2823
CA (Crim Div) (Sir Brian Leveson PQBD, Supperstone J, Judge Tonking)
11 November 2014

A written note that flattered a 13-year-old girl, asked her to come around for "some fun" if she wanted to and stated that it was okay if she did not was not just an invitation. The words used were capable of amounting to an incitement to sexual activity. The court advised that in circumstances where the need to appeal arose during the currency of criminal proceedings and the appeal could be mounted very quickly, it was sufficient to tell the jury that a procedural issue had arisen that was neither the fault of the defence or prosecution and that the case had to be adjourned until the date that the issue could be resolved; to say otherwise would lead to rife speculation.

[2014] EWCA Crim 2078
[2014] EWCA Crim 2078
CA (Crim Div) (Macur LJ, MacDuff J, Nicol J)
22 October 2014

The requirement in the Criminal Procedure Rules 2014 Pt 67 to give immediate notice of an intention to seek permission to appeal against a terminating ruling was a mandatory pre-condition to establish appeal jurisdiction. The failure of counsel for the prosecution to give such notice, where he had withdrawn from the case due to professional embarrassment but remained ostensibly holding the prosecution brief, meant that the court lacked jurisdiction to consider an application for permission to appeal.

[2014] EWHC 3238 (Admin)
[2014] EWHC 3238 (Admin)
QBD (Admin) (Aikens LJ, Globe J)
10 October 2014

The High Court did not have jurisdiction to determine an appeal from a costs order made by a district judge under the Extradition Act 2003 s.60(1), where a person had challenged the order as a part of an unsuccessful appeal against the imposition of an extradition order. However, the High Court did have jurisdiction to vary or quash a costs order imposed under s.60(1) where the extradition order had been successfully appealed under s.26 and s.27.

[2014] EWHC 1886 (Admin)
[2014] EWHC 1886 (Admin)
DC (Lord Thomson LJC, Cranston J)
10 June 2014

The court set out the approach that should be adopted under the Extradition Act 2003 s.108. The express words of s.108 made it clear that a court would not re-open a final determination of any appeal for extradition unless it was necessary to avoid a real injustice, the circumstances were exceptional, and there was no alternative remedy.

[2014] EWHC 742 (Admin)
[2014] EWHC 742 (Admin)
QBD (Admin) (Stewart J)
13 February 2014

An order for costs was quashed where it required a third party to pay nearly £12,000 for the maintenance of 12 horses taken into protection after a conviction for causing unnecessary suffering. Although the expenses had been occasioned by the delayed disposal of the horses pending the claimant's appeal in the Crown Court, they were not investigatory costs within the CPR r.77.6 and should have been claimed under the Animal Welfare Act 2006 s.21(4)(d).

[2013] EWCA Crim 1913
[2013] EWCA Crim 1913
CA (Crim Div) (Fulford LJ, Griffith Williams J, Judge Thornton QC)
31 July 2013

Wrong legal advice given to a young offender regarding the potential loss of time served if he renewed an application for permission to appeal against a sentence of four years' detention for robbery had rendered his abandonment of his appeal a nullity.

[2013] EWHC 1951 (Admin)
[2013] EWHC 1951 (Admin)
DC (Rafferty LJ, Kenneth Parker J)
17 July 2013

Justice did not dictate that the claimant prisoner should have been allowed an oral hearing as part of his appeal against his recall to prison after he had been released on home detention curfew.

[2013] EWHC 1616 (Admin)
[2013] EWHC 1616 (Admin)
QBD (Admin) (Pitchford LJ, Burnett J)
24 May 2013

Magistrates had been entitled to order the police to pay part of the respondent's costs of successfully opposing an application for the forfeiture of cash seized from him, the police having acted unreasonably in relying on an offence of which he had been acquitted.

[2013] EWHC 1745 (Admin)
[2013] EWHC 1745 (Admin)
QBD (Admin) (King J)
12 April 2013

Although there was conflicting authority on the issue, an extraditee had an entitlement to raise a point on appeal, even though the point could have been, but had not been, raised earlier at the extradition hearing.

[2013] EWHC 1334 (Admin)
[2013] EWHC 1334 (Admin)
QBD (Admin) (Mitting J)
16 January 2013

Although there was no express provision permitting self-represented appellants in extradition cases to advance their appeals by a live link, the High Court could permit that under its inherent powers.

[2012] EWHC 3348 (Admin)
[2012] EWHC 3348 (Admin)
QBD (Admin) (Moses LJ, Simon J)
27 November 2012

The Crown Court did not have power to amend an order under the Criminal Justice Act 2003 s.240(3) by substituting an order under s.240(4). A sentencing judge had to make clear whether he was making a direction under s.240(3) or s.240(4) and if he made a direction under s.240(4), he had to indicate the basis upon which he did so by a statement in open court under s.240(6).

[2012] EWHC 3397 (Admin)
[2012] EWHC 3397 (Admin)
DC (Richards LJ, Ouseley J)
15 November 2012

An application to reopen an appeal in extradition proceedings, on the basis that a decision of the Italian appeal court meant that a retrial in Italy was no longer possible, did not meet the high threshold in CPR r.52.17 and was an abuse of process where there had been a deliberate omission to put all the relevant matters before the Italian court.

[2012] EWHC 2589 (Admin)
[2012] EWHC 2589 (Admin)
DC (Moses LJ, Nicola Davies J)
17 July 2012

Miscalculation of dates by the appellants' solicitors in respect of when the time limits for filing and serving their appeals against extradition orders expired did not deprive the appellants from being granted extensions of time to bring their appeals.

[2012] UKSC 20
[2012] UKSC 20
SC (Lord Phillips JSC (President), Lady Hale JSC, Lord Mance JSC, Lord Kerr JSC, Lord Wilson JSC)
23 May 2012

Where a requested person sought to appeal against an extradition order or a decision to send his case to the secretary of state, a generous view should be taken of what constituted giving "notice of an appeal" to the respondents. Further, in the case of British citizens facing extradition, the provisions in the Extradition Act 2003 concerning appeals should, in order to comply with the European Convention on Human Rights 1950 art.6(1), be read subject to the qualification that the court had to have a discretion in exceptional circumstances to extend the time for both filing and serving a notice of appeal.

[2012] EWCA Crim 901
[2012] EWCA Crim 901
CA (Crim Div) (Gross LJ, Openshaw J, Judge Milford QC)
2 May 2012

The Armed Forces Act 2006 Sch.16 para.45(2) removed from the Administration of Justice Act 1960 s.13(2)(c) the right to appeal from the Court of Appeal Criminal Division to the Supreme Court in cases involving contempt. As that could not have been Parliament's intention it was appropriate to rectify s.13(2)(c) to include a right of appeal from the criminal division to the Supreme Court.

[2012] EWCA Crim 792
[2012] EWCA Crim 792
CA (Crim Div) (Rix LJ, Treacy J, Sir Geoffrey Grigson)
26 April 2012

In order for the Crown to appeal a terminating ruling made under the Criminal Justice Act 2003 s.58, the conditions precedent, under s.58(4) and s.58(8), had to be complied with whereby the Crown had to inform the judge immediately after the ruling of its intention to appeal and had to notify the judge of its acquittal agreement. For the purpose of the Criminal Procedure Rules 2005 r.67.2(1)(a) "immediately after the ruling" meant "there and then".

[2012] EWHC 1003 (Admin)
[2012] EWHC 1003 (Admin)
DC (Sir John Thomas (President), Wyn Williams J)
24 April 2012

The Crown Court should have stated a case in relation to its decision to order that a woman convicted of animal welfare offences pay £10,000 towards the costs of the RSPCA, which had brought the prosecution.

[2012] UKSC 3
[2012] UKSC 3
SC (Lord Phillips (President), Lord Kerr JSC, Lord Sumption JSC)
15 February 2012

An appeal to the Supreme Court under the Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (External Requests and Orders) Order 2005 art.11 in respect of a decision of the Criminal Division of the Court of Appeal to impose a restraint order would, as from February 29, 2012, require a certificate from the Court of Appeal that a point of law of general public importance was involved and leave to appeal. An appeal brought before that date was not subject to such requirements.

[2012] EWHC 191 (Admin)
[2012] EWHC 191 (Admin)
DC (Sir John Thomas (President), Ouseley J)
15 February 2012

In an appeal under the Extradition Act 2003 s.103, the appellant's failure to serve notice of appeal on the secretary of state, who was not a respondent or a party, had not deprived the court of jurisdiction to hear the appeal. Although the appellant had failed to give the notice required by CPR PD 52, he was entitled to apply to remedy the breach in order to continue with the appeal.

[2011] EWHC 3421 (Admin)
[2011] EWHC 3421 (Admin)
QBD (Admin) (Frances Patterson QC)
16 December 2011

The Police Appeals Tribunal had erred when determining the onward progression of an appeal from a misconduct hearing; it had based its initial decision that there should be an oral hearing on a ground of appeal not relied upon by the appellant and had then rescinded its decision and made a redetermination that the appeal should be dismissed without giving the appellant any opportunity to make representations.

[2011] UKFTT 674 (TC)
FTT (Tax) (Judge John Clark)
20 October 2011

The fact that civil recovery proceedings were continuing against two appellants did not justify a stay of their appeals against tax assessments and penalty determinations; the issues in the respective proceedings were different, and the tax tribunal was not concerned with whether the tax claimed could be recovered against the appellants, or with the appellants' funding for the proceedings.

[2011] EWHC 2733 (Admin)
[2011] EWHC 2733 (Admin)
QBD (Admin) (Hallett LJ DBE, McCombe J)
12 October 2011

The district judge had correctly decided that the extradition of the appellant to Lithuania was not barred by reason of the passage of time within the meaning of the Extradition Act 2003 s.14. Whilst the requesting authority did not appear to have been assiduous in either the pursuit of the extradition or in providing entirely accurate information, the extradition would not be either unjust or oppressive.

[2011] EWCA Civ 332
[2011] EWCA Civ 332
CA (Civ Div) (Pill LJ, Hooper LJ, Munby LJ)
25 March 2011

A forfeiture order made in respect of cash confiscated by the police when searching the house of a person arrested on suspicion of fraud was quashed where her unchallenged evidence was that she had not received notice of the forfeiture hearing.

[2011] EWHC 1347 (Admin)
[2011] EWHC 1347 (Admin)
QBD (Admin) (Bean J)
23 March 2011

An individual whose extradition was sought by Poland for copyright offences was entitled to argue on appeal that they were not extradition offences, even though that issue had not been raised before the magistrates' court. The court was not satisfied that the charges on the European arrest warrant amounted to extradition offences as defined by the Extradition Act 2003 s.64 and that dual criminality was met in respect of those offences.

[2010] EWCA Crim 1823
[2010] EWCA Crim 1823
CA (Crim Div) (Goldring LJ, Burton J, Judge Mettyear QC Recorder of Hull)
27 July 2010

There was no bias in the Court of Appeal deciding whether or not to certify a question to the Supreme Court and the Criminal Appeal Act 1968 s.33(2) was not incompatible with the European Convention on Human Rights 1950 art.6 and art.14.

[2010] EWCA Crim 1932
[2010] EWCA Crim 1932
CA (Crim Div) (Thomas LJ, Rafferty J, Bean J)
15 July 2010

The Court of Appeal had no jurisdiction to hear an appeal against the refusal of an offender's application to vary a confiscation order made before the Crown Court pursuant to the Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 s.23.

[2010] EWHC 2207 (Admin)
[2010] EWHC 2207 (Admin)
DC (Moses LJ, Wyn Williams J)
13 July 2010

The Extradition Act 2003 s.103(9) clearly required a notice of appeal to be filed within 14 days starting on the day when the secretary of state informed a person of an extradition order. It identified the starting point by reference to a particular day rather than a particular time and did not allow for 14 periods of 24 hours running consecutively from the time when a person was informed of an order.

[2010] EWHC 1720 (Admin)
[2010] EWHC 1720 (Admin)
DC (Pitchford LJ, Maddison J)
16 June 2010

The decision of an appellant court to refuse to grant bail to the subject of an extradition request was a decision that was not, as a matter of general principle, reviewable by a court of first instance subsequently apprised of a further application for bail.

[2010] EWHC 1819 (Admin)
[2010] EWHC 1819 (Admin)
DC (Elias LJ, Keith J)
19 May 2010

It had been correct to issue an accusation warrant in respect of an offence for which a person had been convicted and sentenced where the lodging of an appeal meant that there had not been a final determination of the criminal process.

[2010] EWHC 663 (Admin)
[2010] EWHC 663 (Admin)
DC (Elias LJ, Calvert-Smith J)
19 February 2010

A decision of a Crown Court judge in confiscation proceedings had implicitly been made under the Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 s.6, which carried a right of appeal to the Court of Appeal, and not under s.27 of the Act, which carried no right of appeal, and so there was no jurisdiction for the Administrative Court to consider the correctness of that decision in judicial review proceedings.

[2009] EWHC 2589 (Admin)
[2009] EWHC 2589 (Admin)
QBD (Admin) (Nicol J)
26 October 2009

The investigation of a complaint of police ill treatment by the same police force complained of did not breach the European Convention on Human Rights 1950 art.3, as the availability of an appeal of the investigation to the Independent Police Complaints Commission and the possibility of criminal proceedings against the relevant officers ensured that such an investigation was sufficiently independent.

[2009] EWCA Crim 1639
[2009] EWCA Crim 1639
CA (Crim Div) (Pill LJ, Burnett J, Sir Robert Nelson)
29 July 2009

A trial judge's ruling that the Financial Services Authority (FSA) had applied improper coercion and persuasion and thereby distorted the fairness of a criminal prosecution amounted to an error of law; it did not constitute an abuse of process for the FSA to conduct an investigation when there was a potential or pending prosecution, provided that it was mindful of the requirements of a fair criminal trial. Applications for leave to appeal against a terminating ruling should normally be made to the trial judge who made it, although there was no absolute requirement in that regard.

[2009] EWHC 1513 (Admin)
[2009] EWHC 1513 (Admin)
DC (Stanley Burnton LJ, Wilkie J)
26 June 2009

Where an issue was not raised at an extradition hearing but could be raised by an appellant on the evidence adduced at the extradition hearing, he was in general entitled to raise that issue on appeal to the Divisional Court, even though the issue was not raised at the extradition hearing.

[2009] EWHC 752 (Admin)
[2009] EWHC 752 (Admin)
DC (Leveson LJ, Sweeney J)
26 February 2009

A visit by a youth court to the scene of an alleged crime was a view of a scene and not a reconstruction.

[2008] EWHC 3292 (Admin)
[2008] EWHC 3292 (Admin)
DC (Scott Baker LJ, MacDuff J)
5 December 2008

There was no right of appeal under the Extradition Act 2003 against a decision of a magistrates' court to give its consent under s.55(6) of the Act to a request from a requesting state that an extraditee serve a sentence of imprisonment imposed upon him in respect of a conviction that did not form the basis of his original extradition.

[2008] EWHC 3295 (Admin)
[2008] EWHC 3295 (Admin)
QBD (Admin) (Charles J)
25 November 2008

A magistrates' court had no power at a preliminary stage of an appeal against an abatement notice to allow the amendment of the notice; however, it did have power under the Statutory Nuisance (Appeals) Regulations 1995 reg.2(5) when making a final order on an appeal to vary a notice so that it took effect as if it had originally been served on another person in substitution for the person named on it, or on another person in addition to the person named on it.

[2008] EWHC 2800 (Admin)
[2008] EWHC 2800 (Admin)
QBD (Admin) (Pitchford J)
21 November 2008

Although there had been an unusually long period of time between the imposition of a confiscation order against an offender and the actual proceedings to enforce the order, the delay was the consequence of the offender's decision to pursue every avenue of appeal available to him, and was not due to mere passage of time, so the delay was not unreasonable within the meaning of the European Convention on Human Rights 1950 art.6.

[2008] EWHC 15 (Admin)
[2008] EWHC 15 (Admin)
DC (Dyson LJ, Jack J)
11 January 2008

The mere fact that defendants were appealing against their convictions did not afford them a reasonable excuse under the Criminal Justice Act 2003 Sch.8 for their failure to comply with community orders.

[2007] EWHC 1768 (Admin)
[2007] EWHC 1768 (Admin)
DC (Hughes LJ, Treacy J)
29 June 2007

It would ordinarily be wrong for the secretary of state to be made a respondent to an appeal brought under the Extradition Act 2003 s.103, as he would not normally be required to consider afresh whether the extradition of the appellant was incompatible with his Convention rights.

[2007] EWHC 520 (Admin)
[2007] EWHC 520 (Admin)
DC (Scott Baker LJ, David Clarke J)
15 March 2007

Where a question remitted by the High Court to a judge under the Extradition Act 2003 had, as before, been decided adversely to the appellant, the effect of s.104(7) of the Act was that the original appeal was taken to have been dismissed by the High Court, and there was no jurisdiction to entertain a further appeal. Where the judge decided the remitted question differently from the earlier occasion, he had no power to send the case to the secretary of state and should discharge the appellant under s.104(6).

CA (Crim Div) (Longmore LJ, Toulson J, Recorder of London)
26 January 2007

It was inappropriate to use the Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 s.23 to allow an appeal against a confiscation order where the time limit for an extension of time to satisfy an order had passed and where money had been seized and forfeited.

[2006] EWCA Crim 2917
[2006] EWCA Crim 2917
CA (Crim Div) (Pill LJ, Teare J, J Griffiths Williams QC)
28 November 2006

A judge had been correct to refuse to vary a restraining order as the application to vary had not been supported by sufficient evidence.

[2006] EWHC 2577 (Admin)
[2006] EWHC 2577 (Admin)
QBD (Admin) (Newman J)
3 August 2006

Under the Supreme Court Act 1981 s.28A(3) the court varied a sentence imposed by a magistrates' court where an offender had served part of his sentence some time ago and, for reasons not of his own making, an appeal against conviction had been delayed, and it would be unfair to require him to serve the remainder of his sentence, as a result of the dismissal of his appeal against conviction, given the passage of time and the sentence already served.

[2006] EWCA Crim 2000
[2006] EWCA Crim 2000
CA (Crim Div) (Maurice Kay LJ, Openshaw J, Sir Charles Mantell)
31 July 2006

An appeal to the Criminal Division of the Court of Appeal had been determined for the purposes of the Supreme Court Act 1981 s.55 when the judgment had been approved by all members of the court and released to counsel, and it did not matter that one of the judges was not present when the judgment was handed down.

[2006] EWCA Crim 1975
[2006] EWCA Crim 1975
CA (Crim Div) (Maurice Kay LJ, Crane J, Dobbs J)
7 July 2006

The Court of Appeal had no jurisdiction to hear an appeal from a judge's ruling on disclosure made at a preparatory hearing ordered under the Criminal Procedure and Investigations Act 1996 s.29 because the ruling did not form part of the preparatory hearing.

[2006] EWHC 1633 (Admin)
[2006] EWHC 1633 (Admin)
DC (Dyson LJ, Walker J)
27 June 2006

This case is reported at Times, August 15, 2006. A full Lawtel Case Report will be published once the transcript has been sourced. If you would like to register your interest you can do so through the Order Full Text link.

[2006] EWCA Civ 743
[2006] EWCA Civ 743
CA (Civ Div) (Thorpe LJ, Gage LJ, Hedley J)
11 May 2006

CPR r.52.3(1)(a)(i) could not be construed as restricting the right to appeal as of right to a contemnor and not to an applicant who sought to have a sentence increased, and permission to appeal was not required by either party. In the circumstances the 28 day suspended sentence passed on the contemnor, who had repeatedly breached non-molestation and occupation orders, was unduly lenient.

[2006] UKHL 1
[2006] UKHL 1
HL (Lord Nicholls of Birkenhead, Lord Hope of Craighead, Lord Rodger of Earlsferry, Lord Mance, Lord Hoffmann)
26 January 2006

The Powers of Criminal Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000 s.14(1) had the effect of preventing an order for conditional discharge made on conviction for an offence other than under the Sex Offenders Act 1997 from being classed as a conviction for the purposes of s.1(1) of the 1997 Act and thus of avoiding the notification requirements for sex offenders under the 1997 Act.

[2005] EWHC 2405 (Admin)
[2005] EWHC 2405 (Admin)
DC (Scott Baker LJ, Rafferty J)
2 November 2005

The Extradition Act 2003 s.34 did not remove the ancient right of habeas corpus in respect of decisions made under s.4(5) of the Act. Where the claimant had not been brought before a court as soon as was practicable, it was appropriate to grant a writ of habeas corpus.

[2005] EWCA Crim 2304
[2005] EWCA Crim 2304
CA (Crim Div) (Judge LJ, Hallett J, Rafferty J)
27 July 2005

A question of public importance was certified following the dismissal of the appellant's appeal against conviction for inflicting grievous bodily harm by infecting the complainant with HIV through unprotected consensual sexual intercourse.

CA (Crim Div) (Rose LJ, Forbes J, Calvert-Smith J)
21 July 2005

Following the adjournment of an application for leave to appeal against the minimum term imposed following a sentence of life imprisonment, the Court of Appeal commented on the inadequate provisions of the Criminal Justice Act 2003 .

[2005] EWHC 1077 (Admin)
[2005] EWHC 1077 (Admin)
QBD (Admin) (Sedley J)
12 May 2005

A decision of the magistrates to grant an application for an adjournment was set aside where no reasons had been provided for the grant of the adjournment and there was no information upon which the court could be satisfied that the magistrates had taken into account all the relevant considerations and excluded the irrelevant considerations.

[2005] EWHC 930 (QB)
[2005] EWHC 930 (QB)
QBD (Sedley LJ)
10 May 2005

A decision by a Crown court to decide an appeal without allowing the party in the position of prosecutor to present its case on the material available to it was wrong and amounted to procedural impropriety.

[2005] EWCA Crim 1092
[2005] EWCA Crim 1092
CA (Crim Div) (Judge LJ, Hallett J, Leveson J)
3 May 2005

While there had been conflicting expert opinion about the probable cause of death of the appellant's baby, unlike in R. v Cannings (Angela) (2004) EWCA Crim 01 , (2004) 1 W.L.R. 2607 there had also been sufficient additional evidence before the jury to justify the verdict that she was guilty of his murder. The fact that the expert chosen by the defence had not given evidence at trial as well as was hoped, or that parts of his evidence were exposed as untenable, thereby undermining confidence in his evidence as a whole, did not begin to justify the calling of fresh evidence by further medical expert witnesses on appeal.

[2005] EWCA Crim 955
[2005] EWCA Crim 955
CA (Crim Div) (Lord Woolf LCJ, Ouseley J, Treacy J)
12 April 2005

Applicants and practitioners were reminded of the court's discretionary power to make loss of time orders.

[2004] EWCA Civ 404
[2004] EWCA Civ 404
CA (Civ Div) (Pill LJ, May LJ, Dyson LJ)
18 March 2004

Fresh material sought to be relied upon by the appellants had not shown that the immigration appeal tribunal had been mistaken in its conclusion that the first appellant had not been persecuted for political reasons, nor did the material satisfy the principles set out in Ladd v Marshall (1954) 1 WLR 1489.

[2004] EWCA Civ 265
[2004] EWCA Civ 265
CA (Civ Div) (Lord Phillips of Worth Matravers MR, Pill LJ, Laws LJ)
9 March 2004

This case is reported at Times, March 15, 2004. A full Lawtel Case Report will be published shortly and the official transcript may be ordered from Transcripts Express on 020 7025 2775.

[2004] UKPC 10
[2004] UKPC 10
PC (Bah) (Lord Steyn, Lord Hoffmann, Lord Rodger of Earlsferry, Sir John Roch, Sir Swinton Thomas)
10 February 2004

Domestic extradition legislation should be given a broad and liberal construction. The requesting State had a right of appeal, under Court of Appeal Act (the Bahamas) s.17(3), against a decision that the orders of committal for extradition were void and the writs of habeas corpus had to issue.

[2004] EWHC 258 (Admin)
[2004] EWHC 258 (Admin)
QBD (Admin) (Davis J)
3 February 2004

It had not been open to Bristol Crown Court to extend the period of the appellant's disqualification for driving whilst over the prescribed limit on the basis of extended findings of fact in circumstances where the court had not indicated that it was considering so doing and the appellant had had no opportunity to make submissions or give evidence.

[2004] EWHC 220 (Admin)
[2004] EWHC 220 (Admin)
QBD (Admin) (Collins J)
2 February 2004

The correct test for the Police Appeals Tribunal to apply when considering an appeal from the Misconduct Tribunal was not one of Wednesbury unreasonableness. It was open to the Police Appeals Tribunal to substitute its view of the matter for that of the Misconduct Tribunal.

[2004] EWCA Crim 783
[2004] EWCA Crim 783
CA (Crim Div) (Rose LJ, Poole J, Davis J)
27 January 2004

In the circumstances an appellant could not appeal against a compensation order, as he had had two appeals in relation to sentence and had not pursued the appeal against the compensation order at those appeals; further, the compensation was awarded on the basis of an agreed schedule the schedule being fully explored at the hearing.

[2004] EWHC 69 (Admin)
[2004] EWHC 69 (Admin)
DC (May LJ, Harrison J)
13 January 2004

A conviction under s.5 Public Order Act 1986 was, in the circumstances, an interference with the appellant's human rights under Art.9 and Art.10 European Convention on Human Rights that was justified by the pressing social need to show tolerance to others. It had not been perverse for Wimbourne Magistrates court to hold that the words used on a sign in public were insulting within the meaning of s.5 Public Order Act 1986 and the appellant had no defence of reasonable conduct.

[2003] EWCA Civ 1857
[2003] EWCA Civ 1857
CA (Civ Div) (Pill LJ, Chadwick LJ, May LJ)
19 December 2003

Where proceedings were initiated in the Crown Court following an allegation of a breach of the criminal law, an overall view of the proceedings was appropriate and not an order-by-order analysis to determine whether they remained a criminal cause under s.18(1)(a) Supreme Court Act 1981 which could not be appealed to the Court of Appeal.

[2003] EWCA Crim 3435
[2003] EWCA Crim 3435
CA (Crim Div) (Potter LJ, Cresswell J, Jack J)
28 November 2003

New information given by a complainant at her post trial interview cast such doubt upon her credibility that convictions based upon her evidence were set aside. A re-trial was not appropriate because of the lengthy periods already spent in prison.

[2003] EWCA Crim 3434
[2003] EWCA Crim 3434
CA (Crim Div) (Potter LJ, Cresswell J, Davis J)
28 November 2003

Fresh evidence only affected the safety of a conviction if it might reasonably have affected the jury's decision to convict. The acquittal of one defendant did not, in the absence of any cogent error or misunderstanding, make the conviction of a co-accused unsafe.

[2003] UKPC 82
[2003] UKPC 82
PC (Trin) (Lord Rodger of Earlsferry, Lord Hoffmann, Sir Andrew Leggatt, Sir Philip Otton, Lord Rodger of Earlsferry, Lord Scott of Foscote)
24 November 2003

Unsuccessful appeal against conviction for attempted murder where the appellant failed to establish that the conduct of either the trial judge or the appellant's counsel at trial or on appeal rendered his conviction unsafe. However the appeal against sentence was allowed since the Court of Appeal of Trinidad and Tobago did not have the power to vary the sentence imposed by the trial judge.

[2003] EWCA Crim 3214
[2003] EWCA Crim 3214
CA (Crim Div) (Potter LJ, Cresswell J, Davis J)
14 November 2003

The judge had erred in allowing the prosecution to re-examine the mother of a complainant in order to establish the consistency of the complaint with the complainant's testimony, but that error did not render the subsequent convictions for indecent assault unsafe. However, the sentences imposed had been manifestly excessive.

[2003] EWCA Crim 3031
[2003] EWCA Crim 3031
CA (Crim Div) (May LJ, Roderick Evans J, Judge Jeremy Roberts)
7 November 2003

The trial judge had not directed the jury that a person might be dishonest, for the purposes of an offence of false accounting, as a consequence of recklessness and the appellant's conviction was safe.

[2003] EWCA Crim 2754
[2003] EWCA Crim 2754
CA (Crim Div) (Mantell LJ, Henriques J, Grigson J)
21 October 2003

A rape conviction was unsafe where the trial judge had refused the appellant's counsel leave, under s.41 Youth Justice And Criminal Evidence Act 1999, to cross-examine the complainant in relation to occasions before and after the rape complaint when she was alleged to have had consensual sexual intercourse with the appellant. The evidence was relevant to the issue of consent and its exclusion deprived the appellant of a fair trial.

[2003] EWHC 2527 (Admin)
[2003] EWHC 2527 (Admin)
DC (Brooke LJ, Sullivan J)
14 October 2003

When asking a court to reconsider the conclusion of another court, it was absolutely elementary that solicitors and counsel having conduct of the matter should obtain a transcript of the judgment of that other court.

[2003] EWCA Crim 2428
[2003] EWCA Crim 2428
CA (Crim Div) (Mantell LJ, Nelson J, Jack J)
5 September 2003

Appeals by young offenders against conviction and sentence for murder and conspiracy to rob. The second appellant's conviction for murder was unsafe and was therefore quashed.

[2003] EWCA Crim 2424
[2003] EWCA Crim 2424
CA (Crim Div) (Mantell LJ, Nelson J, Jack J)
5 September 2003

Successful appeal against conviction for rape, attempted rape and indecent assault where the judge failed to adequately direct the jury on the proper approach to the separate treatment of counts in two sets of joined charges arising from the allegations of two complainants, who were stepdaughters of the appellant.

[2003] EWCA Crim 2461
[2003] EWCA Crim 2461
CA (Mitchell J, Collins J)
22 August 2003

The applicant's convictions were safe as his case had been put in a fair and balanced way and the judge's summing up had been adequate.

[2003] EWCA Crim 2257
[2003] EWCA Crim 2257
CA (Crim Div) (Kennedy LJ, Cresswell J, Bennett J)
31 July 2003

The appellants' convictions in 1970 for murder were unsafe in light of the cumulative effect of criticisms against the conviction relating to the credibility of the prosecution's main witness and the failure to disclose certain evidence to the defence.

[2003] EWCA Crim 2244
[2003] EWCA Crim 2244
CA (Crim Div) (Potter LJ, Curtis J, Gage J)
31 July 2003

Where a firm of solicitors acted for two co-defendants there was no conflict of interest that operated to taint the conduct of the appellant's defence. He was not misadvised by his counsel, nor was his case mishandled.

[2003] EWCA Crim 1843
[2003] EWCA Crim 1843
CA (Crim Div) (Mance LJ, Mackay J, Recorder of Birmingham)
30 June 2003

A delay of five years was fatal to an application for an extension of time to apply for leave to appeal against conviction and the applicant's appeal also had no prospect of success.

[2003] EWCA Crim 1767
[2003] EWCA Crim 1767
CA (Crim Div) (Kay LJ, Holland J, Hallett J)
20 June 2003

Where the appellant had a first instance conviction in Holland the judge had been correct to permit him, if he wished, to mention his character but with a reference to the conviction. It was the appellant's choice to say nothing and since there was no evidence of good character, no direction was required from the judge about it. The proper sentence was 10 years imprisonment and 12 years was manifestly excessive.

[2003] EWCA Crim 1500
[2003] EWCA Crim 1500
CA (Crim Div) (Longmore LJ, Mitting J)
22 May 2003

The non-disclosure of a witness's previous convictions for dishonesty offences would have affected the defence in that the witness would have been cross-examined more rigorously. However, that witness's evidence did not go to the heart of the case and would not have affected the verdict had the previous convictions been disclosed.

[2003] EWCA Crim 1574
[2003] EWCA Crim 1574
CA (Crim Div) (Rose LJ, Grigson J)
12 May 2003

Where a defendant had successfully appealed conviction for contempt of court the Court of Appeal did not have the power to make an order for costs from central funds.

[2003] EWCA Crim 1060
[2003] EWCA Crim 1060
CA (Crim Div) (Buxton LJ, Crane J, Fulford J)
16 April 2003

A conviction for murder referred by the Criminal Cases Review Commission was safe as none of the matters raised by the appellant would have affected the outcome of the trial in the light of the other evidence.

[2003] EWCA Crim 1257
[2003] EWCA Crim 1257
CA (Crim Div) (Kay LJ, Goldring J, Pitchers J)
11 April 2003

Public interest required a retrial where there was the serious offence of murder, even though there had been a substantial lapse of time since the offence: it was still possible for the retrial to be fair.

[2003] EWCA Crim 814
[2003] EWCA Crim 814
CA (Crim Div) (Kay LJ, Holland J, Hallett J)
25 March 2003

Where issues in a trial of offences relating to the making, possession and distribution of indecent pseudo-photographs of children were neither complex or lengthy, the judges' pre-trial ruling on a point of law could not have been made at a preparatory hearing under s.29 Criminal Procedure and Investigation Act 1996, and therefore there was no right of appeal against that ruling.

[2003] EWCA Crim 723
[2003] EWCA Crim 723
CA (Crim Div) (Rix LJ, Sir Ian Kennedy)
7 March 2003

Twelve months was the appropriate sentence for a defendant who had been charged with making pseudo-photographs of children.

[2003] EWCA Crim 271
[2003] EWCA Crim 271
CA (Crim Div) (Kennedy LJ, McCombe J, Treacy J)
13 February 2003

Alleged admissions from a co-defendant's girlfriend after the trial constituted hearsay evidence and were therefore inadmissible under the rule in R v Melanie Myers (1997) 3 WLR 552.

[2003] EWCA Crim 29
[2003] EWCA Crim 29
CA (Crim Div) (Mance LJ, Sachs J, Mitchell J)
29 January 2003

A judge had exercised his discretion fairly under s.41 Youth and Criminal Evidence Act 1999 by ruling as admissible certain evidence about sexual abuse on complainant children by persons other than their parents against whom criminal proceedings had been brought.

[2003] EWHC 73 (Admin)
[2003] EWHC 73 (Admin)
QBD (Admin) (Henriques J)
22 January 2003

The Crown Court had exceeded its jurisdiction by refusing to hear an appeal against conviction on the basis of non-attendance by the appellant where counsel was present, and was obliged in those circumstances to hear any such appeal even where there was a legal duty on the appellant to attend.

[2002] EWCA Crim 2912
[2002] EWCA Crim 2912
CA (Crim Div) (Kay LJ, Wright J, Henriques J)
12 December 2002

Appeal against conviction on five counts of murder by the appellant dismissed as there was nothing in any of the grounds to throw doubt upon the safety of the convictions.

[2002] EWCA Crim 2782
[2002] EWCA Crim 2782
CA (Crim Div) (Mantell LJ, Treacy J, Simon J)
6 December 2002

Three appeals against conviction for conspiracy to murder were dismissed.

[2002] UKHL 44
[2002] UKHL 44
HL (Lord Bingham of Cornhill, Lord Hoffmann, Lord Hutton, Lord Hobhouse of Woodborough, Lord Millett)
14 November 2002

The convictions of the defendants in the Guinness/Distillers trial were not unsafe despite the fact that their trials had been held to be unfair in their applications before the European Court of Human Rights.

[2002] EWHC 2469 (Admin)
[2002] EWHC 2469 (Admin)
QBD (Admin) (Hooper J)
7 November 2002

A delay of three minutes in serving a written notice of appeal against a grant of bail on the defendant in criminal proceedings was not fatal and s.1(7) Bail (Amendment) Act 1993 did not apply.

[2002] EWCA Civ 1557
[2002] EWCA Civ 1557
CA (Civ Div) (Tuckey LJ, Latham LJ, Sir Denis Henry)
21 October 2002

The judge's conclusion that the claimant and defendant were each 50 per cent liable for a road traffic accident was entirely appropriate in circumstances where the claimant had been travelling too fast and the defendant had failed to observe the claimant overtaking him.

[2002] EWCA Crim 2227
[2002] EWCA Crim 2227
CA (Crim Div) (Judge LJ, Butterfield J, McCombe J)
17 October 2002

The appellant's conviction for the murder of his mother in 1927 was safe.

[2002] EWCA Civ 1009
[2002] EWCA Civ 1009
CA (Civ Div) (Simon Brown LJ, Brooke LJ, Dyson LJ)
17 July 2002

The Court of Appeal clarified the appropriate routes of appeal following an order made by a judge in a civil court on an application to commit.

[2002] EWCA Crim 941
[2002] EWCA Crim 941
CA (Crim Div) (Auld LJ, Newman J, Roderick Evans J)
26 April 2002

The Criminal Cases Review Commission could, in exceptional circumstances, make a reference to the Court of Appeal where there was no new argument or evidence. In the absence of new argument or evidence the proper exercise of the Court of Appeal's power to depart from its previous reasoning or conclusions should equally be confined to exceptional circumstances.

[2002] EWCA Crim 1071
[2002] EWCA Crim 1071
CA (Crim Div) (Rose LJ, McKinnon J, Poole J)
25 April 2002

The interests of justice did not require representation on an application for leave to appeal against conviction and the procedure of not providing legal aid for such a hearing was not contrary to Art.6(3)(c) European Convention on Human Rights.

[2002] EWCA Civ 397
[2002] EWCA Civ 397
CA (Civ Div) (Schiemann LJ, May LJ, Jonathan Parker LJ)
21 March 2002

It was in the interests of justice that the issue of whether s.3 Treason and Felony Act 1848 was incompatible with the Human Rights Act 1998 should be litigated before the courts. * Application for leave to appeal to the House of Lords pending.

[2002] UKPC 15
[2002] UKPC 15
PC (NZ) (Lord Steyn)
19 March 2002

A review of the former procedure for criminal appeals in New Zealand found that the procedure adopted in twelve appeals had been contrary to fundamental conceptions of fairness and justice. Decisions that appeals were unmeritorious could only be made after the statutory appeals procedure had been followed.

[2002] EWHC 486 (Admin)
[2002] EWHC 486 (Admin)
QBD (Admin) (Grigson J)
15 March 2002

Where the applicant sought a re-hearing of his appeal to the Criminal Injuries Compensation Board, but had not explained his physical absence from the hearing, which was a mandatory requirement, his application for a re-hearing was bound to fail. Further, there was no express requirement in the rules that the applicant had to be present at the hearing.

HCJ Appeal (Lord Cullen LJG, Lord Kirkwood, Lord Osborne, Lord Macfadyen, Lord Nimmo Smith)
14 March 2002

An unsuccessful appeal against conviction for murder by the Libyan man found guilty of planting an explosive device on Pan Am flight 103, which exploded over Lockerbie killing 259 passengers and crew and 11 residents of Lockerbie.

HCJ Appeal (Lord Gill LJC, Lord Marnoch, Lady Cosgrove, Lord Reed, Lady Paton)
6 February 2002

The inflexibility of s.107(4) Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995 meant that the time limit for leave to appeal against convictions and sentences could not be extended and should therefore be reconsidered by the Scottish Parliament.

[2001] EWCA Crim 2845
[2001] EWCA Crim 2845
CA (Crim Div) (Waller LJ, Stanley Burnton J, Rougier J)
19 December 2001

The burden of proof imposed under s.206(4) Insolvency Act 1986 was evidential only and it was appropriate to read the word "prove" as "adduce sufficient evidence".

[2001] UKHL 62
[2001] UKHL 62
HL (Lord Slynn of Hadley, Lord Lloyd of Berwick, Lord Steyn, Lord Hope of Craighead, Lord Hutton)
29 November 2001

Although the reasoning of the majority of the House of Lords in R v Lambert (2001) could not be supported, it was not appropriate to depart from that decision. Consequently, on a reference to the Court of Appeal by the Criminal Cases Review Commission, a defendant whose trial took place before the coming into force of ss.6(1) and 7(1)(b) Human Rights Act 1998 was not entitled, after the coming into force of those provisions, to rely as a ground of appeal against his conviction on an alleged breach of his Convention rights at the trial by the prosecutor.

[2001] EWCA Crim 2804
[2001] EWCA Crim 2804
CA (Crim Div) (Lord Woolf of Barnes LCJ, Gage J, Thomas J)
28 November 2001

When reducing a young offender's sentence for affray from 30 months' detention to a term of 21 months, the Court of Appeal noted the importance of obtaining a report setting out the offender's progress from the institution at which the sentence was being served, particularly where there was no pre-sentence report available.

[2001] EWCA Crim 2023
[2001] EWCA Crim 2023
CA (Crim Div) (Rose LJ, Butterfield J, Cooke J)
3 October 2001

A deterrent sentence was required where the defendant, convicted of 19 counts of unauthorised possession of goods bearing a trade mark, had copied 3,000 to 4,000 music compact discs that were indistinguishable from legitimate discs. Concurrent sentences of 30 months' imprisonment on each count were not manifestly excessive or wrong in principle.

[2001] UKHL 37
[2001] UKHL 37
HL (Lord Slynn of Hadley, Lord Steyn, Lord Hope of Craighead, Lord Clyde, Lord Hutton)
5 July 2001

The imposition of a legal, rather than an evidential, burden on a defendant by s.28(2) Misuse of Drugs Act 1971 violated Art.6(2) European Convention on Human Rights. However, the appellant could not rely on Convention rights in respect of a conviction before the Human Rights Act 1998 came into force.

[2001] EWCA Crim 1359
[2001] EWCA Crim 1359
CA (Crim Div) (Henry LJ, Jack J, Sir Harry Ognall)
13 June 2001

There are currently reporting restrictions in force on this case and so a full LAWTEL Case Report is not yet available. This case will reappear on the Daily Update once a full LAWTEL Case Report can be published.

[2001] UKPC 20
[2001] UKPC 20
PC (Trin) (Lord Steyn, Lord Cooke of Thorndon, Lord Clyde, Lord Hutton, Lord Millett)
10 April 2001

An appellate court had to approach complaints about counsel's incompetence and its effect with a healthy scepticism. However, where the breaches of duty were fundamental the conclusion had to be that the defendant was deprived of due process.

Ch D (Lightman J)
20 March 2001

Where Customs & Excise Commissioners had failed to plead an alternative case, after their case of fraud was withdrawn, the Value Added Tax and Duties Tribunal had correctly exercised its discretion to strike out their case and allow the taxpayer's appeal.

[2001] EWCA Crim 622
[2001] EWCA Crim 622
CA (Crim Div) (Stanley Burnton J, Sir Charles McCullough)
12 March 2001

Section 152 Powers of Criminal Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000 could not require the Court of Appeal to interfere with an appropriate sentence of imprisonment.

[2001] EWCA Crim 442
[2001] EWCA Crim 442
CA (Crim Div) (Henry LJ, Jack J, Sir Harry Ognall)
28 February 2001

Where a ruling at an interlocutory hearing concerned the construction of the indictment regarding the issues in a case, then the purpose of the ruling fell within the words of s.7(1)(a) Criminal Justice Act 1987 as "identifying issues which were likely to be material to the verdict" giving the Court of Appeal jurisdiction to hear an appeal on the rulings made.

HL (Lord Bingham of Cornhill, Lord Hoffmann, Lord Hope, Lord Clyde, Lord Hutton)
5 February 2001

The House of Lords had no power to extend the 14-day time limit for a prosecutor to lodge his application for leave to appeal against the Court of Appeal's decision to quash a conviction.

HCJ (Lord Sutherland, Lord Coulsfield, Lord MacLean)
31 January 2001

Verdicts on the two Libyans accused of planting an explosive device on Pan Am Flight 103, which exploded over Lockerbie.

[2001] EWCA Crim 129
[2001] EWCA Crim 129
CA (Crim Div) (Rose LJ, Hooper J, Goldring J)
29 January 2001

A defendant who had absconded was capable of having expressly or implicitly instructed his solicitors to appeal his convictions in his absence.

[2001] UKPC 2
[2001] UKPC 2
PC (Trin) (Lord Bingham of Cornhill, Lord Goff of Chieveley, Lord Hoffmann, Lord Cooke of Thorndon, Lord Clyde)
24 January 2001

Both the defendants and the prosecution successfully appealed against the Trinidad and Tobago Court of Appeal's order that the defendants be retried for murder because the appeal court had failed to consider the safety of the convictions and the issue of a retrial as two distinct issues.

[2001] EWHC Admin 2
[2001] EWHC Admin 2
DC (Lord Woolf of Barnes LCJ, Newman J)
15 January 2001

Appeals against sentences by magistrates' courts that did not raise jurisdictional issues had to be to the Crown Court. Accordingly, an application to extend time to appeal by way of case stated was refused. The defendant's remedy was to apply for leave to appeal out of time to the Crown Court.

CA (Crim Div) (May LJ, Sullivan J, Hallett J)
19 December 2000

Appeal allowed where a trial had been materially unfair, because there had been a failure by the Crown in respect of its disclosure obligations in the context of submissions made ex parte to the trial judge. Exceptions to justice being conducted openly and in public should only occur in cases where there was an overriding public interest not to do so. Competing public interests weighed against the court being required to give full reasons for allowing the instant appeal.

PC (StV) (Lord Bingham of Cornhill, Lord Steyn, Lord Hoffmann, Lord Hutton, Lord Hobhouse)
13 December 2000

Successful appeal against conviction for murder in Saint Vincent because the judge's summing up was unfair and biased.

CA (Crim Div) (Latham LJ, Ebsworth J, Sullivan J)
8 December 2000

A failure by the Crown to disclose a fingerprint on the murder weapon that did not belong to the accused was a defect in the trial, but in the circumstances it did not render the conviction unsafe.

CA (Crim Div) (Lord Woolf of Barnes LCJ, Steel J, Butterfield J)
9 November 2000

Unsuccessful appeal against convictions, on guilty pleas, for assisting the commission outside the United Kingdom of an offence equivalent to one contrary to s.20 Misuse of Drugs Act 1971.

PC (Sc) (Lord Slynn of Hadley, Lord Hope of Craighead, Lord Clyde)
2 October 2000

Appeals or references for opinion to the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council under the Scotland Act 1998 had to raise devolution issues as defined in para.1 sch.6 of the Act.

QBD (Turner J)
21 July 2000

The respondents were obliged to give sufficient reasons for their refusal of applications for compensation for personal injuries caused by criminal violence and could not merely cite the ground of refusal provided by the scheme which they were administering. They were also required to disclose at least the gist of the evidence relied on in reaching their decision.

DC (Laws LJ, Rafferty J)
4 July 2000

The Crown Court had the jurisdiction to hear a prosecutor's appeal against the grant of bail to the applicant, notwithstanding that the hearing of the appeal had not commenced within the 48-hour period prescribed by s.1(8) Bail (Amendment) Act 1993.

CA (Crim Div) (Rose LJ, Ian Kennedy J, Hallett J)
18 May 2000

It was only in a rare case that the Court of Appeal would (i) consider that a conviction was unsafe because an appellant who had pleaded guilty was now claiming that he did not do the act relied upon, (ii) receive fresh evidence that was completely different from the defence given at trial, and (iii) receive evidence from an appellant who had chosen not to give evidence before the jury.

DC (Schiemann LJ, Douglas Brown J)
4 April 2000

A Crown Court hearing an appeal from a magistrates' court had jurisdiction to order an unsuccessful appellant to pay the prosecutor sums by way of costs which the magistrates had refused to award to the prosecutor, but should hesitate before doing so. In the usual case, the magistrates would be far better placed than the Crown Court to decide how much of the costs of legal proceedings before them the prosecution should recover.

CA (Crim Div) (Rose LJ, Alliott J, Maurice Kay J)
28 March 2000

In an unsuccessful appeal against a conviction for one offence of grievous bodily harm, when tendering fresh evidence on appeal, it had to be accompanied by an affidavit from the appellant's solicitor which described the circumstances in which the new witness had come forward and made the statement.

PC (Trin) (Lord Hutton)
23 March 2000

A decision on whether an appellant was entitled to a second appeal against conviction to the Privy Council was adjourned in order that it could be heard by the full Board.

PC (Mau) (Lord Hutton)
9 March 2000

Consideration of an application by a barrister for reinstatement on the Roll of practising barristers was not "civil proceedings" and the Supreme Court of Mauritius had no jurisdiction to grant leave to appeal. The Supreme Court had been entitled to take the view that the primary consideration was that, in the public interest, the reputation of the legal profession must be upheld in the community.

PC (Ber) (Lord Steyn)
28 February 2000

Where there was simply an assessment of the strength of the evidence, then a decision on a submission of no case to answer was arrived at on matters of fact and degree and did not involve a question of law alone.

CA (Crim Div) (Kennedy LJ, Brian Smedley J, Goldring J)
24 February 2000

In deciding whether it was necessary or in the interests of justice to receive fresh evidence, in the event that there was no reasonable explanation for why the evidence was not made available at trial, the Court of Appeal would consider the effect of the evidence in the event that it was received.

DC (Simon Brown LJ, Blofeld J)
15 February 2000

The magistrates' court had been mistaken when refusing an application to adjourn and, despite the delay, the matter was to be remitted.

CA (Crim Div) (Evans LJ, Hooper J, Judge Dyer)
8 December 1998

Sentences imposed on two heroin addicts for possession of heroin with intent to supply and/or for supplying heroin were reduced to properly reflect guilty pleas that had been entered and other compelling mitigating circumstances.

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